Water is essential to life. It need not be spelt out exactly how important it is. Yet water pollution is one of the most serious ecological threats we face today. Water safety and quality are fundamental to human development and well-being. Providing access to safe water is one of the most effective instruments in promoting health and reducing poverty. Water pollution happens when toxic substances enter water bodies such as lakes, rivers, oceans and so on, getting dissolved in them, lying suspended in the water or depositing on the bed. This degrades the quality of water. Not only does this spell disaster for aquatic ecosystems, the pollutants also seep through and reach the groundwater, which might end up in our households as contaminated water we use in our daily activities, including drinking.
Even Water Plants in wealthy Nordic countries cannot deliver what is called “clean water” to the population anymore. Water Plants have to add extra chemicals to deliver the expected water levels, which obviously have an increase in expenses, but more important that people will get more ill, now and in the future if we do not fix that as soon as possible.
Six water facts
- In least developed countries, 22% of health care facilities have no water service, 21% no sanitation service, and 22% no waste management service.
- 785 million people lack even a basic drinking-water service, including 144 million people who are dependent on surface water.
- Contaminated water can transmit diseases such as diarrhea, cholera, dysentery, typhoid, and polio.
- Contaminated drinking water is estimated to cause 485.000 children under the age of five, diarrhoeal deaths each year.
- 435 million people taking water from unprotected wells and springs.
- Globally, at least 2 billion people use a drinking water source contaminated with faeces.